The school-based part of a VET program in Denmark is divided into the basic program and the main program. The different subjects in the school-based part are organized into basic subjects, area subjects and specialization subjects. If students do not have a signed apprenticeship contract, then they can undergo the practical training in a Centre of Placement.
The basic program
The basic programs are uniform in structure and duration in four main areas: 1. care, health and pedagogy; 2. office, trade and business service; 3. food agriculture and experience; and 4. technology, construction and transportation. The programs consist of two components each lasting twenty weeks. The first part (GF1 – Grundforløb 1) is only provided for youngsters who access VET directly after compulsory education or at the latest in December the same year. Each area corresponds to a number of programs and occupations. The purpose of the basic program is that students should acquire broad vocational and general skills enabling them to combine practice and theory within the broad occupational field. In this way, the student is better qualified to make a choice with regard to future occupation.
The objectives of the basic program (GF1) are the same regardless of the choice of direction. The basic program Part 2 (GF2) is tailored to the selected main program. It provides student with vocational, general and personal skills to ensure that they can complete the main program. GF2 is compulsory (unless the student is 25 years or older and complies with specific conditions).
The basic subjects are part of the requirement of transition to the main program, and the basic subjects must as far as possible be organized in conjunction with the area subjects and the specialization subjects.
The area subjects provide the student with both general and vocational skills. Examples of area subjects are workplace culture, health in the workplace, professional documentation and communication, innovation and society.
The main program
The main programs vary from EQF level 3 - 5. In order to complete a main program, the student must have an apprenticeship contract with an approved apprentice company offering training. In general, up to 75% of the main program takes place in the company and alternates with school periods, which typically last from five to ten weeks. The subjects in the school-based training are a mixture of basic subjects and specialization subjects.
In 2013, the concept of Centres of Placement was introduced. Students who are not able to get a contract with an employer after the school period can apply for school-based placement at the Centres of Placement. A Centre is often physically connected to a VET college. The aim of the Centres of Placement is to minimize the training at the Centre and to ensure that most of the training takes place in companies or as part-time placements based on contracts between one or more companies and the student. The Centres are responsible for organizing the training and for ensuring that the student through the practical training covers the learning objectives as specified in the curriculum for the practical part of the VET program, so that the student can obtain the education certificate and become a skilled worker. Part-time placements are like ordinary placements where the employer is responsible for training and pays a salary to the apprentice.
National web-site for Individual students plans (Danish): https://www.elevplan.dk/offentlig/