The apprentice spends 80% of their apprenticeship in a company. Therefore, companies that engage in apprenticeship training have to fulfil certain prerequisites. These are certified by the Apprenticeship Office in collaboration with the Chamber of Labour. Companies can collaborate and form training alliances if they cannot provide every aspect of a training regulation. Apprenticeship training in companies is held under real-life working conditions. The apprentice and the training company sign a contract for the period of the training relationship.
All apprentices spend 80% of their training time in the training company, where they acquire job-specific knowledge and skills under real-life working conditions.
Before companies can engage in apprenticeship training, their suitability has to be checked. The Apprenticeship Office of the province where the company is based is obliged by law to examine in collaboration with the Chamber of Labour whether the company meets the prerequisites for apprenticeship training. If that is the case, the company will receive a “declaration” certifying that the company is entitled to recruit apprentices.Companies have to prove that they:
- legally entitled to carry out the activities in which the apprentice is to be trained,
- have adequate equipment at their disposal,
- have qualified IVET trainers among their employees.
Companies can cooperate with other companies in training alliances if they cannot fulfil the training regulations completely. These training alliances can also be entered into on a voluntary basis.
For the duration of the training, a contract is signed between the training company and the apprentice. If the apprentice is not yet of age, his or her legal guardian has to sign the agreement, too. The company pays an apprenticeship remuneration which is increased every year.
Currently (June 2018) some 29,000 companies are training companies in Austria. By voluntarily providing apprenticeship training, companies show that they are willing to take on social responsibility. Moreover, dual VET contributes to reducing the youth unemployment rate and meeting the need for a skilled workforce.
For more information:
- Apprenticeship. Dual Vocational Education and Training in Austria. Modern Training with a Future. Available at: http://www.ibw.at/components/com_redshop/assets/document/product/1414143989_apprenticeship2014.pdf