The VET offer is defined and updated annually in the frame of the partnership between the State and the social partners. The close cooperation of the representatives from school and the world of work in the curricular working groups elaborating the VET programmes guarantee a close match between the learning outcomes of the VET programmes and the needs of the labour market.
The VET offer leading to the officially recognised certificates and diplomas (vocational capacity certificate - CCP, vocational aptitude diploma - DAP, technician’s diploma - DT) is updated and fixed annually in a decree by the Ministry of Education, Children and Youth (MENJE) following consultation of the advice of the social partners represented by the professional chambers. Usually, the employer’s chambers take the initiative to propose new trades and professions to be offered in VET but the MENJE or other stakeholders can also propose new programmes based on a concrete demand of the labour market.
The curricula frameworks of new VET programmes are elaborated by curricular teams (équipes curriculaires) composed of representatives from the school side, proposed by technical secondary schools and representatives from the labour market proposed by the professional chambers. Hence, a close collaboration with the economic sectors in the elaboration of curricula frameworks is guaranteed and makes sure that the VET programmes correspond closely with the specific needs of the labour market.
The Guidance Service of the Agency for the Development of Employment (Orientation professionnelle de l’ADEM) monitors the relation between the apprenticeship position demand and offer on the labour market. The reports of this monitoring are transmitted annually to the MENJE and to the social partners and are used for the revision of the VET offer.
Since 2012, the Chamber of Trades and Skilled Crafts has introduced a “Matcher”. This person has the mission to inform learners about existing unbalances between the apprenticeship offer and demand and to assign learners with suitable skills to specific trades and professions in need of skilled workers.