The dual apprenticeship is characterised by the meaning of its final examination. It leads to the awarding of a certificate by the competent body in charge. The examination procedure is regulated in the Vocational Training Act and respectively for the crafts in the Trade and Crafts Code. Content and methods of the examination are described in the training regulation of the occupation.
After the successful completion of the apprenticeship the apprentices receive three different certificates:
- the examination certificate of the competent body (usually the chamber),
- the leaving certificate of the vocational school and
- the reference of the training company.
The examination certificate represents the skilled worker/skilled craft certificate (Facharbeiterbrief/Gesellenbrief) and is therefore the most important certificate. The examination procedure is regulated in the Vocational Training Act and respective in the Trade and Crafts Code for craft occupations. The competent body is legally required to set up an independent examination committee for each training occupation – assembled by the same number of competent employer and employee representatives and at least one teacher from a vocational school. There are specific requirements for the membership in an examination committee and this activity is an honorary position.
Content and methods
The frame for the examination is set in the training regulation of the occupation. It defines the content areas, the timeframe and the methods of the examination. The actual assignments of the examinations are either elaborated by the examination committee in charge or by a regional or national committee fulfilling the same criteria of composition. There is always a midterm examination and a final examination part.