Training regulations are modernised regularly in order to meet the requirements of working life. The initiative for the introduction of a new regulation or the updating of an existing regulation is made by the affected sectors, the social partners, or the Ministry of Economy. Statistical data or skills forecasting studies also play a role, albeit a minor one, when new apprenticeships are introduced. 

The Federal Advisory Board on Apprenticeships (BBAB) or the Ministry of Economy prepares the content of training regulations. They are supported in this work by experts from respective sectors as well as by ibw - Institut für Bildungsforschung der Wirtschaft (Research and Development in VET). The following overview shows the procedures connected with the introduction of a new apprenticeship:

1. Preparation

  • The Ministry of Economy, the social partners, or companies take the initiative for creating or modernising an apprenticeship
  • Consideration of European developments as well as solutions introduced in other countries
  • Clarification of the basic framework by the Ministry of Economy and the social partners

2. Elaboration of training regulation and framework curriculum

  • Preparation of draft training regulations by education research institute
  • Expert discussions in the BBAB
  • Submission of expert opinions from the BBAB to the Ministry of Economy
  • Development of a framework curriculum which corresponds to the training regulation by an expert group under the leadership of the Education Ministry
  • Preparation of drafts for nationwide review

3. Issuing of regulations 

  • Involvement of all stakeholders in a consultation and review process
  • Evaluation of opinions and comments
  • Issuing of training regulations by the Ministry of Economy in addition to framework curricula by the Education Ministry

4. Follow-up measures

  • Creation of supportive manuals and additional material by the companies’ professional organisation, partly supported by the employees’ representation or VET institutes to support training companies
  • Provision of information to training companies by apprenticeship offices
  • Training of trainers in companies and of teachers in part-time vocational schools
  • Training of examiners for apprenticeship leave examinations
  • Accompanying evaluation

Source: BMWFW 2014, p. 22

For more information:

BMWFW (2014): Apprenticeship. Dual Vocational Education and Training in Austria. Modern Training with a Future. Available at: