Individual companies are usually not involved in the apprenticeship system development at the system level. The companies are, however, indirectly involved through their membership within the Economic Chamber and sit, for example, as examiners during apprenticeship final exams.

Individual companies are usually not directly involved in operative tasks (e.g. in the design of training regulations). However, the Economic Chamber draws on relevant expert knowledge and involves company representatives in all its operative tasks.  Companies consider the dual system and particularly the enterprise-based part of training as their area of responsibility. They feel committed to apprenticeship training as this form of VET has a long-standing tradition in many professional fields (in particular in the skilled-crafts sector). They provide training on a voluntary basis and at their own expense, because they are convinced that training is the best way to cover their needs for a skilled workforce (cf. BMBWF 2014, p. 7).


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