The Luxembourgish VET system leads to three officially recognized qualifications: The vocational capacity certificate (CCP), the vocational aptitude diploma (DAP) and the technician’s diploma (DT). All three qualifications enable a direct access to the labour market. Moreover, the DAP and the DT offer the possibility to access higher education after the successful completion of optional preparatory modules in languages and mathematics followed either during or after completion of the initial training.
Vocational programmes - CCP (ISCED 353 – EQF 2)
The normal duration of the programme leading to the Vocational capacity certificate (Certificat de capacité professionnelle, CCP) is 3 years (classes 10 to 12). The programmes prepare learners for the labour market and give access to the minimum salary for qualified workers after 5 years of working experience in the field. They are organised in modules where each module is assessed individually.
Apprenticeship in a training company is at the core of the CCP. In accordance with the amended law of 2008 on the reform of VET, an apprenticeship leading to CCP includes:
- practical training under the guidance of a tutor in a training company or in a Public training centre;
- general education and professional theory courses in a school setting;
- pedagogical support aimed at the development of the social competences of the apprentice required for his social and professional integration.
CCP programmes are designed for learners who do not have access to the Vocational aptitude diploma (Diplôme d’aptitude professionnelle, DAP) or the Technician’s diploma (Diplôme de technicien, DT). After completion of the CCP, the student can continue education in a Vocational aptitude diploma programme (DAP) of the same specialty field.
Vocational programmes - DAP (ISCED 353 – EQF 3)
The Vocational programmes leading to the Vocational aptitude diploma (Diplôme d’aptitude professionnelle – DAP) prepare learners for entry into the labour market as a qualified worker and accordingly gives access to the minimum salary for qualified workers. The normal duration of the programme is 3 years (classes 10 to 12). The programme gives the opportunity to follow further studies to become a master craftsperson (Brevet de maîtrise, ISCED 453) or to get an access to higher education studies (études techniques supérieures, ISCED 550 or 650) on successful completion of supplementary preparatory modules in languages and mathematics which can be followed after the completion of the VET programme.
Vocational programmes leading to a DAP always alternate periods of school based and work based learning, however different forms of organisation exist according to the VET programme:
- in dual track (filière concomitante) VET programmes, part of the competences are acquired in a technical secondary school and the other part is acquired in a training company under an apprenticeship contract. Learners normally spend one or more days per week in school while the other days of the week, they are in a training company;
- mixed tracks (filière mixte) are organised for some professions and usually offer full time training in school for the first year of the programme while the following years are organised as a dual track schemes with an apprenticeship contract where part of the training takes place in a technical secondary school and the rest of the time the learner is in a training company;
- in full time school tracks (filière de plein exercice) training occurs in an technical secondary school and includes internships in companies totalling at least 12 weeks over the whole training period.
Technician’s programmes – DT (ISCED 354 – EQF 4)
The Technician’s programme (Régime de la formation de technicien) covers classes 10 to 13 (4 years) and prepares learners for the Technician’s diploma (Diplôme de technicien, DT). Technician’s programmes focus on a training enabling an access to the labour market with a high and diverse profile of competences. Learners in DT programmes can also acquire access to higher education upon successful completion of optional preparatory modules in languages and mathematics which can be followed either during or after completion of the VET programme. The Technician’s programmes are mostly organised as full time school tracks with internship periods in companies totalling a minimum of 12 weeks over the whole training period. Some Technician’s programmes are organised as dual or mixed tracks and the Government is aiming to increase the number of programmes organised as such.