In order to deal with the diversity of students and meet the demands of the labour market the VET offer is highly diverse. For challenged students there is typically a pre-apprenticeship training offer. Programmes may also be offered at different qualification levels in areas where the labour market may demand a diverse profile of the skilled worker. The apprenticeship systems also have embedded features to meet the demands of gifted students. This may take many forms such as opportunities to take a dual qualification providing direct access to the labour market as well as to general higher education, some subjects may be offered at higher levels, there may be enriched opportunities to undertake company training abroad. In some systems there are also accelerated pathways for more mature students.
The Austrian apprenticeship system enables diverse groups of interested people to enter into apprenticeship training. Various initiatives have been launched in order to support the successful acquisition of apprenticeship qualification for persons with various and special needs.
The Danish educational system has different initiatives to address diversity, which target students with special needs, both refugee and migrant students as well as gifted students. The clear objective that all students must reach their fullest potential and therefore teaching in VET is necessarily differentiated and holistic.
There is a set of measures and programmes to support young people with difficulties to enter a regular apprenticeship. The Vocational Training Act regulates support measures for disabled apprentices, and there are several Government initiatives to integrate specific target groups in the apprenticeship system.
In VET, specific classes are organised where all courses are held in French for learners who don’t have sufficient language skills in German or Luxembourgish. In the lower cycle of general and technical secondary education, specific language classes are organised for immigrants with the aim to integrate them into the regular classes of the Luxembourgish education system.
Transition pathways between lower and upper-secondary level are especially intended for young people who encounter difficulties making the transition between school and work. They provide options for young lower-secondary level school leavers who are unable to enter the labour market without assistance. The reasons for low performance at lower-secondary level are broad, ranging from migration background to learning difficulties, undecidedness and disabilities. The general aim of transition pathways is to prepare young people for enrolment in vocational education and training (VET) programmes and ensure that they are integrated into the labour market.