The Luxembourgish VET system is regulated by the law of 19th December 2008 concerning the reform of the IVET and CVET system. Hence, this law also covers the regulations regarding the apprenticeship system. The code of labour law includes specific disposals about the protection of young workers and apprentices in companies.
The main law regulating VET has been voted on 19th of December 2008 with some small modifications afterwards. This law replaces any older VET law and regulates the whole organisation, implementation and evaluation of the IVET and CVET system leading to the officially recognized qualifications (vocational capacity certificate - CCP, vocational aptitude diploma - DAP, technician’s diploma - DT) including a system of training under an apprenticeship contract. It also covers the organisation of the Department for vocational education and training inside the Ministry of Education, Children and Youth (MENJE). It finally disposes a system for continuous vocational training and occupational retraining as well as a procedure for the recognition of formally, informally and non-formally acquired competences.
The strong cooperation between the State and the social partners is one of the core principles of the VET law of 2008 and social partners are considered to be essential stakeholders who contribute to the organisation and implementation of VET. The professional chambers’ opinion is systematically sought on laws and regulations on economic, financial and social policy: labour law, social security, taxation, the environment, IVET and CVET, education, etc.
As mentioned beforehand, the VET law of 2008 also creates the legal basis and includes important disposals concerning the structure and organisation of the apprenticeship system in IVET and CVET. It stipulates the obligation for companies to hold a training authorisation and fixes the associated requirements for companies to train apprentices. Moreover, it defines the obligation, contents and modalities of an apprenticeship contract between an apprentice and a training company. The procedure for the cancellation and litigations related to the apprenticeship contract are also regulated by this law. Finally, the law obliges companies to declare vacant apprenticeship positions to the Guidance service of the Public Agency for the Development of Employment (OP-ADEM)
Other regulations relevant to the VET system and the apprenticeship system in particular include the code of labour law with a section concerning the protection of young workers, general laws about the organisation of schools, the compulsory school law, and financial laws.
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