For the enterprise-based element of the apprenticeship training, the most important law is the Vocational Training Act (Berufsausbildungsgesetz, BAG), which is the responsibility of the Federal Ministry for Digital and Economic Affairs. The School Organisation Act (Schulorganisationsgesetz, SchOG) and the School Instruction Act (Schulunterrichtsgesetz, SchUG) comprise the main legislative acts for the school-based section. They are within the sphere of influence of the Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research.
The enterprise-based part of training is regulated by the Vocational Training Act (Berufsausbildungsgesetz, BAG, BGBl. no. 142/1969 as amended – in the sphere of competence of the Federal Ministry for Digital and Economic Affairs). Within the Act, the following regulations are of particular importance: The training regulations for each apprenticeship are binding for every training company in Austria. They comprise the job profile that covers the professional competences to be acquired and the provisions concerning the apprenticeship leave examination.
The payment of apprentices is regulated through collective bargaining agreements (CBAs). These are negotiated between representatives of the Austrian Federal Economic Chamber and the unions. They set the minimum remuneration to be paid to apprentices during their training.
The apprenticeship contract is concluded between the apprentice and the training company. The apprenticeship contract must include a reference to the apprenticeship trade, the duration as well as the beginning and the end dates of the training, details regarding the IVET trainer and the apprentice, a note concerning compulsory attendance of part-time vocational school. It also specifies any periods of training held within the framework of a training alliance with other companies or educational institutions, the amount of the apprenticeship remuneration, and the date on which the contract is concluded.
The school-based part is the responsibility of the Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research (BMBWF). Two laws are of importance for the part-time vocational schools: the School Organisation Act (Schulorganisationsgesetz, SchOG, BGBl. no. 242/1962 as amended), which regulates the responsibilities and structures of all school types, and the School Instruction Act (Schulunterrichtsgesetz, SchUG, BGBl. no. 472/1986 as amended), which regulates instruction and teaching at the schools. Aside from these two framework laws, curricula (which have the legal status of ordinances) build major parts of the legal framework. All curricula are issued by BMBWF and allow for a certain degree of autonomy, that is, schools can define their own points of emphasis comprised from a list of specified subjects. Instruction varies based on the amount of hours for certain topics within the given time frame.