Public and private technical secondary school offering VET programmes leading to the officially recognised certifications are financed by the State. Training companies offering apprenticeship pay a monthly allowance to an apprentice which is fixed by a decree and varies according to the pursued VET programme. Part of this apprenticeship allowance as well as the employer’s share of the social security contributions for the apprenticeship allowance paid is refunded to the companies by the State in the context of a programme aiming to promote the apprenticeship system.
Public and private technical secondary schools offering courses that lead to officially recognised VET qualifications (vocational capacity certificate – CCP, vocational aptitude diploma - DAP, technician’s diploma - DT) are funded by the State. The public technical secondary schools are listed as public services in the annually voted Budget Act. They can dispose of their funds autonomously (Services de l’Etat à gestion séparée). The funds are usually used to cover running expenses as well as to acquire didactic material and workshop or laboratory equipment. The creation and sustenance of school buildings and infrastructures as well as the payment of bigger investments in equipment or furniture is financed in large parts by the Administration of Public Buildings (Administration des bâtiments publics) – subordinate to the Minister for Sustainable Development and Infrastructures – and in smaller parts by the Ministry of Education, Children and Youth. The teaching staff as well as the administrative and the technical staff of public schools are considered to be clerks or civil servants and accordingly their salary is covered by the State.
Private schools offering IVET and CVET are also mostly funded by the State. They receive state grants if they fulfil certain conditions, such as conforming their VET programmes to the official curricula and assessment frameworks of the Ministry of Education, Children and Youth.
For apprentices, initial apprenticeship allowances vary (from EUR 400 to 1200) depending on the trade or profession chosen. They are fixed annually by decree. Adult apprentices receive allowances equal to the minimum wage for unskilled workers (EUR 1922.96 by 1.01.2016) as defined in a 2010 Regulation (SCL, 2010b).
If the learning year is successful, a learning bonus is attributed to apprentices by the State as an addition to the apprenticeship allowance (SCL, 2012b). It amounts to EUR 130 for CCP (certificat de capacité professionnelle, vocational capacity certificate) and EUR 150 for DAP (diplôme d’aptitude professionnelle, vocational aptitude diploma) or DT (diplôme de technicien, technician’s diploma) per month of apprenticeship, subject to the successful completion of the apprenticeship and passing of the final apprenticeship examination.