For the majority of companies training is an investment in the first place. But there are also several benefits for the training company.
Cost of training
Every five years BIBB conducts a representative survey on the costs and benefits of training. The last survey for the training year 2012/13 showed that companies have average net costs of 5,398 euros per apprentice. This amount varies according to training professions and domain of training, the duration of the training programmes, and the size of the training companies and regions. The largest share of the costs is the training allowance; training allowances are fixed by collective bargaining agreement. A new representative study is under way for the apprenticeship year 2017/18 with first results to be expected end of 2019.
Benefits of training
On average 2/3 of gross costs are off-set by the productive outputs of apprentices. This number varies strongly among different training occupations. An additional benefit arises most of all when companies hire their apprentices as skilled workers on completion of their training. That way the companies save recruitment costs inclusive advertising costs and personnel costs for the selection process, costs of external advisers and intermediaries, and induction costs. Benefits are also increased due to companies’ prior knowledge about their apprentices and vice-versa. At the end of the apprenticeship companies can recruit among their apprentices the most successful ones.
- Apprenticeship training in Germany remains investment-focused – results of BIBB Cost-Benefit Survey 2012/13 - BIBB Report 1/2015 (english)
- Development of training allowances based on collective wage agreements for 2018: https://www.bibb.de/en/pressemitteilung_89997.php (english)
- VET Data Report Germany 2016/2017. Facts and analyses to accompany the Federal Government Report on Vocational Education and Training – Selected findings: https://www.bibb.de/veroeffentlichungen/en/publication/show/9550 (english)