Quality of apprenticeship training is based on the continuous development and modernisation of training contents to economic and technological developments as well as the training of IVET and CVET trainers. Standards for apprenticeship-leave exams are checked by the clearing office set up in the ministry of economy. In 2013 the Quality Management in Apprenticeship (Qualitätsmanagement Lehrlingsausbildung, QML) initiative was launched; it builds on a set of annually evaluated indicators. The part-time vocational schools have with QIBB, the VET Quality Initiative, their own quality management system.
Quality assurance in apprenticeship training is focused on certain input factors such as the continuous adaptation of apprenticeship occupations to economic and technological developments, the accreditation procedure for training companies, the training and qualification of IVET and CVET trainers. The standards of the apprenticeship leave examination are secured through the separation of training and validation (the exam is organised by the Apprenticeship Office). The clearing office set up in the ministry of economy safeguards uniform quality standards as it checks tasks, assessment guidelines and solution options throughout Austria. In 2013 the Quality Management in Apprenticeship (Qualitätsmanagement Lehrlingsausbildung, QML) initiative was launched. The annually evaluated indicators comprise: apprenticeship dropouts, the number of apprentices who (do not) sit for the final exam as well as the number of apprentices who (do not) acquire the apprenticeship certificate.
Since 2006/07, Austrian part-time vocational schools use the quality management system QIBB (Qualitätsinitiative BerufsBildung, (www.qibb.at), the VET Quality Initiative, which was launched by the ministry of education’s General Directorate VET in 2004 as a voluntary instrument. In 2011 quality assurance became an obligatory task for all Austrian schools. QIBB is based on the quality assurance and improvement cycle plan – do – check – act (Deming Cycle). The evaluation instruments are mostly based on self-evaluation. Management and performance reviews have to be done regularly as well as quality reports. Since 2009 Peer Review in QIBB (www.peer-review-in-qibb.at) is offered for VET schools and colleges within QIBB. A Peer Review process is being carried out by a group of external experts, also known as peers, who are invited to evaluate the quality of various areas of the hosting VET school.
For more information:
- VET Quality Initiative - QIBB: https://www.qibb.at/de/english.html
- Federal Ministry of Education and Women’s Affairs (BMBF): VET schools and colleges. VET Quality Initiative – QIBB. Available at: https://www.qibb.at/fileadmin/content/QIBB/Dokumente/Sonstige_Dokumente/Information_EN_QIBB_2018.pdf
- Peer Review in QIBB: https://peer-review-in-qibb.at/ (in German only)
- Implementing the EQAVET Framework – Austria: http://www.eqavet.eu/gns/what-we-do/implementing-the-framework/austria.aspx
- BMWFW and WKÖ (2014): Qualität in der Lehre. Sichern und stärken. Wien. Availabe – in German only – at: http://www.ibw.at/components/com_redshop/assets/document/product/1400651221_qualitaet_id_lehre.pdf
- Qualität in der Lehre: https://www.qualitaet-lehre.at/ (in German only)